Psyllium is derived from psyllium or plantage ovate plant. This plant grows in places where good sunlight exposure is present and soil remains dried and sandy. It is an annual crop cultivated mostly in places like Gujarat, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.

Psyllium husk is botanically called as Plantago Ovata and it is also familiarly known in India as Isabgol in India. Psyllium is mucilage contains a combination of components called aucubin, arabinose, semi drying fatty oil and galacturonic.

The husk of psyllium is derived from ripe and dried seeds of plantago ovata frosk. The husks are cleaned and the anti-farm fibers, mud, dust and other waste particles are removed. The husk will then be graded based on its property and applications.

Psyllium husks consists of the following components

- Water soluble fiber-80%
- Mucilage viscosity undeterred with 68 degrees F to 122 degrees F
- pH ranging from 2 to 10
- Sodium Chloride up to 0.15m.

The properties of Psyllium Husk

- It helps in lowering cholesterol level in blood.
- It is a natural laxative.
- It is a curing agent for peptic ulcers.
- It helps to reduce constipation and piles.
- It also reduces the effect of acidity and ulcers.
- Used for slimming purposes.

Nutritional Value of Psyllium Husk

Psyllium Husks contain the following nutritional elements including
- Proteins
- Vitamin B1
- Choline
- Glycosides
- Polysaccharides

Applications of Psyllium Husk

- Used as horse feed
- Prevents accumulation of sand or stones in animals.
- Used in pharmaceutical industries in the manufacturing of tablets.
- Used for its thickening property in products like ice cream.
- Used in processing applications like rice, jams, cakes, biscuits, breads and instant noodles.