Castor is an oil plant botanically called as Ricinus Communis. It belongs to the flowering series of plant from the Spurge family called Euphorbiaceae. It is from monotypic genus called Ricinus and belongs to the sub tribe Ricininae. The oil obtained from Castor seeds had been widely used for medicinal reasons and it is found to be a laxative. This oil is applied to soften dryness and coarseness of skin. Chinese were found to use Castor oil for its medicinal properties since several years back.
The origin of castor plant started from Eastern African countries particularly Ethiopia. At present it is cultivated in tropical regions and warm temperature and other different climates and it is for the same reason that this plant is found to be containing great virtues.
Weeds of castor remained an important commercial item in ancient Egyptian trade and it has been identified in tombs dated from 4000BC. In Indian Ayurvedic history Castor was identified dated back to 2000BC in the name of Susruta and it was considered as indigenous plant and the oil was used for lighting lamps. Castor oil is not applied for food in majority however, the oil is found to be applied for several applications in different parts of the world particularly as a self purgative drug for treating skin irritation, reducing pain and swelling. Toxalbumine ricin and alkaloid ricinine are some of the important ingredients present in castor seed plant and oil obtained from this is mainly medicinal in nature.
It can be missed with absolute alcohol and glacial acetic acid in any proportion.
Castor oil is found to be very useful in the treatment of the following health issues such as,
Rheumatism : Poultice made of castor seeds are found to show good results in treating gouty, rheumatic diseases, etc. The decoction obtained from the roots of castor plant blended with carbonate of potash is applied to treat sciatica, lumbago, etc.
Skin Disorders : Poultice made from castor leaves is applied for treating boils and swellings. When coated with coconut oil and heated castor leaves can remain effective for treating guinea worm sores, scrofulous sores and boils formed by tuberculosis in lymph nodes, etc.
Problem of Breast Milk Secretion : Castor oil remains an effective solution to obtain or stimulate free flow of breast milk after delivery.
Dandruff : If regularly used for hail castor oil can help for hair growth and removes dandruff.
Constipation : It is a harmless purgative and simple form of medicinal product that can be applied for reducing constipation irrespective of climatic factors or any other rigid consideration.
- Castor oil helps to expel worms from the body after suitable remedies are given.
- It can be applied externally to treat ringworm and several other skin problems.
- It is combined with pure alkaloids like cocaine or atropine to form Belladonna that helps during eye surgery.
- It is also applied in soap and warmish manufacturing purposes.
- Castor is an annual plant.
- It is about 1 to 7 meters height.
- It contains well developed roots and green and reddish stems that changes into hollow after years.
- The castor fruit is spherical in shape with brown spots on it and the seeds are small in size and grey in color.
- It is a bean plant and it is a wind pollinated flowering plant.
- The leaves are palmately lobed and the flowers grow in dense clusters.
- The female flowers grow above male ones in spiny clusters.
- The fruit are red to bronze capsule in shape and contains the seeds.
- Ricinoleate-90% (12-hydroxyoleate or 12-hydroxy-oleate).
- Stearic acid in small amounts which are free from olein or palmitin.
- Castor chief constituents are ricinolein (C3H5[C18H33O3]3)
- Constains isoricinolein, and dihydroxystearin.
- Contains Ricinoleic acid (C18H34O3) and it is the principal acid present in the oil.
- Solidifies below 0°C. (32° F.)
- It is soluble in alcohol as well as ether.
|Oil Content||47% Minimum|