During the process of transforming brown rice into white rice through milling process we can obtain a byproduct called rice bran. This rice bran has high health beneficial factors like antioxidants and oil. Traditionally rice bran is further processed for obtaining the oil substance from it which is applied for cooking and this rice bran oil contains low fat and stays safe for those who are not supposed to intake fatty or fried products. The rice bran that is obtained after oil extraction stays less in fat and fiber content as well. The bran that is de oiled is termed as pallets which in turn are found to contain source of amino acids such as phosphorous, lysine, cystine and methionine. This de oiled bran or pallets become suitable for applying as fish feed, poultry and cattle feed as well.
Some of the seed varieties such as cottonseed and rapeseed contain some traces of oil which is removed and finally solid residue is obtained. The solid residue of the de oiled seeds of cotton and rapeseeds after pressing it to stay free from oil is referred to as the oil cake and this product is further ground and applied as a top ingredient for animal food especially cattle feed. Similarly, the oil cake meal obtained from rice bran pallet contains excellent nutritious supplement that remains helpful for preparing cattle feeds and other types of animal feeds such as poultry and fish feeds. The oil cake meal is found to contain considerable percentage of proteins, low fat content and remain a good source of nutritive animal feed.
De oil meal or de oil by product is a kind of source that is obtained through de oiling of seed varieties such as cotton, guar and rapeseeds. This low lat and high protein de oil meal is considered as an ideal source for producing different kinds of animal feeds. It is widely applied in preparation of cattle feed, poultry, etc. Pallets or de oil meal obtained from rice bran is a prime food resource for animals like cattle and also for poultry and fish.
Like the by-products of different seeds, the by-product obtained from guar seeds is called bi-meal or Guar Korma. It contains excellent protein content, carbohydrates and stays an efficient and nutritious animal feed ingredient for animals like cattle, poultry animals, etc. Precisely speaking, guar korma is a suitable animal feed ingredient that can be applied for animals that gives milk. On the other hand, the percentage of milk obtained from animals fed with guar korma contains excellent percentage of fat. Guar korma is cheaper than other bi-meal products obtained from soya bean and therefore guar by-product is considered as a suitable alternative for soya bean meal in the production of animal feed.
Cassia tora belongs to the botanical family called caesulpinacea. Cassia tora meal is the by-product of processed cassia tora seeds called crude fibre. It contains good amount of protein, fat and moisture content and stays an effective binder in the preparation of animal feeds. It is one of the nutritious animal feeds.
Guar meal is a buy-product of de oiled guar seeds and it stays an excellent animal feed ingredient that is widely provided to chicken, poultry animals and fish as well. This by-product obtained from processing prime guar products and the meal obtained from guar seeds are generally produced in powder or husk form. Guar meal is rich in protein and carbohydrates and it is a cost effective and nutritious substitute for soya bean meal or corn gluten meal.
The final extract or de oiled cotton seeds is called cottonseed meal or cottonseed cake. It is a most important source applied for livestock of animal feeds and contains moderate protein content, fiber and energy and suits best for feeds for animals like cattle, bull, cows, etc. Countries like US consider this product as a prime source of roughage to be applied in ruminant feed and the fiber is applied for monogastric rations.
Castor doc is yet another significant oilseed crop that is grown semi-arid zones of India. The oil obtained from the seeds of castor doc is found have numerous benefits for which it is applied in variety of domestic, industrial as well as medical applications. It is widely applied in variety of veterinary purposes. It is also applied as an emollient externally. After processing removal of foreign bodies this product is applied into animals’ eyes as it is found to be a good soothing medium. The by-product of processing castor doc after extraction oil is called castor oil cake contains valuable manure and it is considered as a god source of fertilizer.